"I have visited the Blue Nile region of Sudan and seen for myself the tragic condition of the people who suffer there at the hands of the brutal National Islamic Front Government." Baroness Caroline Cox

Sudan News
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    "EBRIG: Gone Dry"


    There is~~~[NO PLACE] between
    upper Egypt and lower Sudan; not
    even blackness has a place
    (to Show)

    The hindquarters
    of the Devil Beast
    is like a thick carpet
    smothering our
    "red wined"
    inbetween the river
    and soot's membrane

    All around is Allah
    All around is prayer

    but there are no
    silver fish in
    the white clouds anymore
    --and when the dawn's
    golden beams alight;
    there is nowhere

    to live.


    The Blue Nile is one of the two main courses of the river Nile. The Saharan part of the river is formed by the union at the capital of Sudan, Khartoum, of the White Nile coming from the lacustrine region in Eastern Africa, and the Blue Nile coming from the Ethiopian Highlands. Though with a shorter length, the Blue Nile course amounts to more than 60 % of total Nile water flow. Historically the river was one of the main roads for the contacts between the clay plains of the arid Sahel and the higher volcanic plateau of Abyssinia, yet conflicts and wars raged after the first area came under Islamic rule in the XV century AD (the Funj Sultanate at Sennar). The possibility for the Christian rulers of the Highlands to control its water flow, even if technically impracticable, was always seen as a menace by the northerner states.

    Although Western explorers have been drawn to the beauty and mystery of the Blue Nile since Europeans first walked along the shores of Lake Tana centuries ago, the river was never fully mapped until thirty years ago.

    Oil fuels the Government of Sudan war machine. Here are the major oilfields in Southern Sudan. The GNPOC (Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company) is a partnership including NYSE-traded Talisman Energy (TLM), NYSE-traded PetroChina's parent, China National Petroleum Corporation, and Malaysia's Petronas. Block 5A is a region including NASDAQ-traded Lundin Oil (LOILY) and Malaysia's Petronas. The Adar Yel oilfield, less than 50 miles to the immediate west of the Blue Nile region, is now being developed by NYSE-traded PetroChina's parent, China National Petroleum Corporation.

    The Adar Yel Oil Field is only about 50 miles west of the SPLA-controlled territory, and has been the cause of much of the recent civilian deaths in the region. These civilian deaths are because the Government of Sudan desires to create an "exclusionary zone" around this oil fields. In March-April of 2000, a Government of Sudan mechanized infantry column attacked eastward from the Adar Yel oil fields, killing hundreds of civilians as these tanks and artillery attempted to rid the region of black african peoples. Hundreds more civilians were killed as a direct result of the scorched earth policy of this GOS military action.



    Darfur has been the scene of one of the worst humanitarian crisis.
    According to the United Nations, 750,000 of its six million
    inhabitants have been internally displaced by the conflict, while a
    further 110,000 have sought refuge in Chad. 10,000 have reportedly
    been killed since the eruption o the conflict, many of whom are
    civilians. The situation was compounded by the restrictions by the
    government of Sudan and the escalation of violence and attacks in the
    region making it a no go area for relief agencies or allow for
    monitoring of the situation.

    Following much international pressure and demands for humanitarian
    access a ceasefire truce was signed on 8 April 2004 in N'Djamena
    between the GoS and the two main rebel groups, Sudan Liberation
    Army/Movement (SLA/M) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM),
    which came into effect on 12 April 2004. Under the terms of the deal
    signed in the Chadian capital, N'Djamena, the parties have agreed to
    cease hostilities within 72 hours, for a renewable period of 45 days.
    They have also agreed to guarantee safe passage for humanitarian aid
    to the region and to free prisoners of war and to disarm
    militias 'Janjaweed' who have been blamed for much of the "ethnic
    cleansing" and "atrocities" against civilians.

    These concerns were demonstrated in the Report of the Office of the
    High Commission for Human Rights mission to Chad, April 5-15, 2004
    which reports on a "reign of terror" which includes the following


    PRESS RELEASE No. 112/2004

    Repeated attacks on civilians by Government of Sudan military and its
    proxy militia forces with a view to their displacement;

    The use of systematic and indiscriminate aerial bombardments and
    ground attacks on unarmed civilians;

    The use of disproportional force by the Government of Sudan and the
    Janjaweed forces;

    That the Janjaweed have operated with total impunity and in close
    coordination with the forces of the Government of Sudan;

    The attacks appear to have been ethnically based with the groups
    targeted being essentially the following tribes reportedly of African
    origin: Zaghawas, Masaalit, and Furs. Men and young boys appear to
    have been particularly targeted in ground attacks; and

    The pattern of attacks on civilians includes killing, rape, pillage,
    including of livestock, and destruction of property, including water

    Sudan: Government Commits 'Ethnic Cleansing' in Darfur

    (New York, May 7, 2004) - The Sudanese government is responsible for
    "ethnic cleansing" and crimes against humanity in the western region of
    Darfur, Human Rights Watch said in a new report released today. The
    Security Council, scheduled today to be briefed on Darfur, should take
    measures to reverse this ethnic cleansing by creating conditions for
    safe return of more than one million people already displaced.

    Human Rights Watch called on the Security Council to strongly condemn
    the actions of the Sudanese government and demand that it disarm,
    disband and withdraw the Arab militias that engage in ethnic cleansing,
    frequently in conjunction with government forces. Two U.N. missions
    have recently returned from Darfur will address the Security Council
    today on the human rights causes as well as humanitarian consequences
    the conflict.

    The 77-page report, "Darfur Destroyed: Ethnic Cleansing by Government
    and Militia Forces in Western Sudan," documents how Sudanese government
    forces have overseen and directly participated in massacres, summary
    executions of civilians, burnings of towns and villages, and the
    forcible depopulation of wide swathes of land long-inhabited by the
    Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups.

    "There can be no doubt about the Sudanese government's culpability in
    crimes against humanity in Darfur," said Peter Takirambudde, executive
    director of the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch. "The U.N.
    Security Council must not ignore the brutal facts."

    The Human Rights Watch report also documents how "Janjaweed" Arab
    militias-,whose members are Muslim-have destroyed mosques, killed
    religious leaders and desecrated Korans belonging to their enemies.

    Human Rights Watch spent 25 days in West Darfur and the vicinity,
    documenting abuses in rural areas that were previously populated by
    Masalit and Fur communities. Since August, wide swathes of their
    homelands, among the most fertile in the region, have been burned and
    depopulated. With rare exceptions, the countryside has now been emptied
    of its original Masalit and Fur inhabitants.

    Villages have been torched not randomly, but systematically - often not
    once, but twice. Livestock, food stores, wells and pumps, blankets and
    clothing have all been looted or destroyed.

    The occupation of burned and abandoned villages by uncontrolled
    Janjaweed has driven civilians into camps and settlements outside the
    larger towns. But the Human Rights Watch report documents how even in
    these camps, the Janjaweed kill, rape and pillage with impunity. They
    sometimes steal what few emergency relief items have reached the
    displaced populations.

    For months, the Sudanese government has restricted international media
    access to Darfur and has limited reports about the conflict in the
    national press. Recently, the government has allowed minimal access to
    the region for international humanitarian agencies but has still failed
    to provide the necessary protection and assistance to displaced

    "The humanitarian emergency in Darfur is immense," said Takirambudde.
    "But a human rights crisis lies behind it. The Security Council must
    demand that the Sudanese government take immediate steps to reverse
    ethnic cleansing in Darfur."


    Thu, May 06, 2004 05:25 UT

    Sudan defiant after US walkout at UN, warns against politicising Darfur

    Wednesday May 5th, 2004.[copied from: http://www.sudantribune.com/article.php3?
    id_article=2800 ]

    KHARTOUM, May 5 (AFP) -- Sudanese Foreign Minister Mustafa Ismail
    vowed his government would not be "intimidated" after US diplomats
    staged a walkout at the United Nations in protest at Khartoum's
    reelection to the UN Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR).

    "We will not be intimidated by force and will not be lacking in logic
    for defending the Sudan," Ismail told reporters.

    "We did not want this confrontation but so long as the United States
    wanted it in response to a pressuring group, it should be aware that
    the Sudanese diplomacy will remain vigilant and cautious for defending
    the Sudan's rights and interests, however the position of the US
    administration is".

    Ismail said Khartoum would continue to try to open channels of
    communication with Washington. "We are convinced that it is a power
    that must be neutralised."

    But he hit out at US championing of human rights charging that "the
    world's greatest advocate of human rights" was in fact "the world's
    greatest violator of human rights and the whole world is aware of this

    Before its walkout from the UN Economic and Social Council Tuesday,
    Washington accused the Sudanese authorities of a litany of abuses in
    the restive western region of Darfur which it said made them unworthy
    of reelection to the UNCHR.

    Another Sudanese minister hit back earlier Wednesday at the growing US
    criticism of his government's policies in Darfur, warning relief
    operations in the region might "be impaired if the Darfur problem is
    turned into a political issue."

    State Humanitarian Affairs Minister Mohamed Yusuf Abdullah also warned
    aid organizations not to take positions on the civil war in the region
    between rebel groups drawn from indigenous non-Arab ethnic minorities,
    and government troops and their Arab militia allies.

    Political disagreements among relief groups "would greatly harm their
    performance and the affected people will be harmed likewise," said

    Several relief organisations have accused the Arab militias of
    terrorising the population, prompting the government to try to
    distance itself from their actions.

    Khartoum has also faced criticism from Western governments over the
    obstacles it has placed in the way of foreign missions wanting to
    visit Darfur to assess the situation on the ground.

    Abdullah said the government had agreed to open new distribution
    centres outside the capitals of the three states that make up Darfur
    to speed up aid delivery.

    The minister identified the new centres as Juldu, Olu and Roky Ru in
    the eastern part of the central Jebel Marra massif and Ambru, Tina and
    Kornoi in North Darfur State.

    According to the United Nations, since the start of the Darfur
    rebellion in February last year, well over a million people have fled
    their homes, with 95,000 of them taking refuge in neighbouring Chad.

    Clashes in Western Sudan Despite Truce, Sources Say
    Wed May 5, 2004 03:56 PM ET

    By Nima Elbagir

    KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Fighting has erupted between Sudanese government
    forces and rebels in the west of the country despite a cease-fire
    signed last month, military and security sources said Wednesday.

    Neighboring Chad said the fighting had spilled over the border and
    that its army clashed with Sudanese pro-government militia 15 miles
    inside Chadian territory, with seven people killed in the violence.

    The fighting breaks a truce put in place to enable delivery of urgent
    food and medical supplies to hundreds of thousands of people forced
    from their homes. Aid groups have issued warnings of a humanitarian

    The sources in the impoverished region of Darfur, who asked not to be
    identified, told Reuters that clashes on the Sudanese side of the
    border around Abu Gamra, 28 miles north of the town of Kebkabiya, had
    involved forces led by Sudan's army.

    "We are still fighting factions of the rebels. ... We have to destroy
    them. These are our orders," a senior Sudanese military source told
    Reuters, speaking by telephone from Darfur.

    "This is the third day of fighting. Some of the rebels refuse to
    accept that they have to lay down their arms."

    Another Sudanese security source in Darfur confirmed that clashes with
    the rebels were continuing in the area around Abu Gamra. He said they
    involved Sudanese regular forces and an irregular group of local
    fighters commanded by the army.

    A spokesman for the Sudan Liberation Army, or SLA, one of the two
    rebel forces in the area, had no immediate comment.

    Rebels in Darfur have accused the government of breaking the cease-
    fire in the past and blamed some fighting on pro-government Arab
    militia, called Janjaweed. They say the militia, dubbed outlaws by the
    government, have been armed by Khartoum.


    Emmanuel Nadingar, acting defense minister in Chad, said the Janjaweed
    had attacked civilians inside Chad early Wednesday, killing six of
    them before being chased back over the border.

    "Our forces clashed with the Janjaweed. We lost a commandant," he
    said. "The Chadian government strongly condemns this clash."

    The U.N. World Food Program says the regional conflict has forced more
    than one million people from their homes in Darfur and caused 100,000
    Sudanese refugees to cross the border into Chad.

    Khartoum and two rebel factions signed a truce on April 8 to allow
    urgent aid to get through, but aid workers say they face a race
    against time to deliver supplies before rains start later this month,
    making many roads unusable.

    Rebels took up arms against the Khartoum government in February 2003,
    demanding a fairer share of power and Sudan's resources. The western
    conflict has raged as the government has moved closer to ending more
    than two decades of civil war in the south of the country.

    (Additional reporting by Betel Miarom in N'Djamena, Shasta Darlington
    in Rome and Francois Murphy in Vienna)

    Powell rules out foreign troops for Darfur, urges greater pressure on

    Thursday May 6th, 2004 07:10.

    WASHINGTON, May 5 (AFP) -- US Secretary of State Colin Powell ruled
    out sending foreign troops to quell the conflict in Sudan's western
    region of Darfur, calling for greater international pressure on
    Khartoum to rein in government-backed militias.

    There is no army that is going to go in there and put down the
    insurrection," Powell told reporters at the State Department. "We have
    got to use the pressure of the international community on Khartoum.

    "We have to have greater response from the international community to
    put pressure on the Sudanese to call off these militia units that are
    causing trouble so we can get relief to these people," he said, adding
    that he just made that point in a phone call with his German
    counterpart Joschka Fischer.

    Powell's comments came as a spokesman for the government of Chad said
    their soldiers and pro-Khartoum militia clashed Wednesday in Chadian
    territory just over the border from war-torn Darfur.

    The Arab militias, known as Janjawids, are also accused of continuing
    to attack civilians in Darfur, where a year-old war has killed at
    least 10,000 people and forced a million more to flee their homes in
    what the United Nations says is the world's worst humanitarian crisis
    at present.

    Last month, UN chief Kofi Annan said the international community
    should begin looking at all possible options -- including the
    possibility of peacekeepers -- to deal with the Darfur situation.

    Although Powell dismissed that idea, he and other US officials have
    been at the forefront of a campaign to press the Sudanese government
    into allowing humanitarian access to Darfur.

    Washington has complained bitterly that Khartoum has prevented
    urgently needed assistance from reaching the people of Darfur,
    although Powell noted that members of a US disaster relief team had
    now been granted visas and would be traveling to the region shortly.

    On Tuesday, the United States made clear its displeasure with Sudan
    over Darfur by walking out of United Nations meeting in New York at
    which Khartoum was re-elected to the UN Commission on Human Rights.

    [copied from: http://www.sudantribune.com/article.php3?id_article=2801]


    US Criticizes Sudan's Election to Human Rights Commission

    United States Department of State (Washington, DC)
    May 4, 2004
    Posted to the web May 5, 2004
    Washington, DC

    The United States walked out of a May 4 meeting of the United Nations'
    Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) to protest the nomination of
    Sudan to the U.N. Commission on Human Rights.

    Calling Sudan's candidacy "entirely inappropriate," U.S. Ambassador
    Sichan Siv said that "with credible reports continuing to come out of
    Sudan regarding the most serious human rights violations in Darfur,
    Sudan's membership on the commission threatens to undermine not only
    its work but its very credibility."

    Both the Commission on Human Rights in Geneva and U.N. Secretary-
    General Kofi Annan at U.N. headquarters in New York have expressed
    deep concern over the situation in Sudan, especially the human rights
    violations in Darfur, likening it to ethnic cleansing.

    Saying that the United States would not participate "in this
    absurdity," Siv urged ECOSOC to consider the implications of having
    Sudan continue as a member of the human rights commission. He said it
    will make the rights group become "a safe-haven for the world's worst
    human rights violators."

    Sudan was one of four candidates nominated by the African group for
    the continent's four vacant seats on the commission. Unopposed, Sudan
    was elected to the commission along with Guinea, Kenya and Togo.
    Others elected to the commission in the May 4 voting were Romania,
    Armenia, Ecuador, Mexico, Malaysia, Pakistan, Republic of Korea,
    Canada, Finland, and France.

    Following is the text of Ambassador Siv's remarks:

    Statement by Ambassador Sichan Siv, U.S. Representative to the
    Economic and Social Council, at the Economic and Social Council,
    Regarding the Candidacy of Sudan for the Commission on Human Rights,
    May 4, 2004

    The United States is perplexed and dismayed by the decision to put
    forward Sudan -- a country that massacres its own African citizens --
    for election to the UN Commission on Human Rights (CHR). This will
    mark the third consecutive term that the African Group has presented
    Sudan as a CHR candidate in a clean slate. This year, above all
    previous years, my delegation believes that this candidature is
    entirely inappropriate.

    With credible reports continuing to come out of Sudan regarding the
    most serious human rights violations in Darfur, Sudan's membership on
    the Commission threatens to undermine not only its work, but its very
    credibility. On the final day of its 60th session last month -- just
    11 days ago -- the Commission articulated its deep concerns about the
    human rights situation in Sudan. It adopted a decision calling for the
    appointment of an independent expert to monitor the situation in
    Darfur. While at the time, my Government made it clear that it
    advocated a much stronger resolution on the situation in Darfur, the
    difference between the U.S. position and that of most of the
    Commission members was a matter of tactics -- that is, how best to
    persuade the Government of Sudan to stop abusing its citizens --
    rather than different assessments of the situation in Darfur. It was
    clear to us, and to most of the Commission, that a human rights and
    humanitarian crisis of tragic scale was occurring in Sudan.

    On April 7, Secretary General Kofi Annan participated in the
    commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the genocide in Rwanda at the
    UN Commission on Human Rights in Geneva. He delivered a strong
    condemnation of the Sudan Government's behavior in Darfur, and likened
    events there to "ethnic cleansing." The report of the Office of the
    High Commissioner for Human Rights mission to Chad from April 5 to 15,
    2004, had reported the "possibility that civilian areas have been
    directly targeted." It discussed reports of indiscriminate killing of
    civilians and a "policy using rape and other serious forms of sexual
    violence as a weapon of war." The mission reported "killings, rape,
    burning and looting of villages...(and) massive displacement." It
    pointed to a "dire humanitarian crisis" in Darfur, including
    disappearances of "women, children, (and) the elderly."

    As the reality of Darfur unfolded, even Sub-Saharan African nations,
    which had been solidly behind Sudan's efforts to block Commission
    action on Sudan, began to press for action on Darfur. However, in the
    end, the U.S. Delegation lost the fight for a stronger resolution
    condemning Sudan. But the LEAST we should be able to do is to NOT
    elect a country to the only global body charged specifically with
    protecting human rights, at the precise time when tens of thousands of
    its citizens are being murdered or left to die of starvation.

    We urge you today to consider the implications of having Sudan
    continue as a member of the Human Rights Commission. Consider the
    ramifications of standing by and allowing the Commission to become a
    safe-haven for the world's worst human rights violators, especially
    one engaged in "ethnic cleansing." Consider the impact that this will
    have on the Commission's reputation. Consider how it will affect the
    Commission's ability to function effectively as the world's protector
    of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

    The U.S. will not participate in this absurdity. Our delegation will
    absent itself from the meeting rather than lend support to Sudan's
    candidacy. We ask that the Secretariat take note of our action in the
    record of this session. This decision flows from our commitment to the
    CHR. It's our belief that the Commission must adhere to high standards
    if it is to have credibility and achieve the purposes for which it was

    We strongly urge delegations to use this election as an opportunity to
    express concerns about the grave human rights situation in Sudan,
    rather than lend their support to Sudan's candidacy.

    Thank you Madame President.

    News Article by CNN posted on May 05, 2004 at 09:10:32: EST (-5 GMT)

    Clashes erupt in Sudan despite cease-fire

    CAIRO, Egypt (Reuters) -- Fighting has erupted between Sudanese
    government forces and rebels in western Sudan despite a cease-fire
    signed last month to halt the conflict, Sudanese military and security
    sources said on Wednesday.

    The sources in the impoverished region of Darfur, who asked not to be
    identified, told Reuters that clashes around Abu Gamra, about 45 km
    (28 miles) north of the town of Kebkabiya, involved forces commanded
    by Sudan's army.

    "We are still fighting factions of the rebels. The fighting is
    continuing. We have to destroy them. These are our orders," a senior
    Sudanese military source told Reuters, speaking by telephone from

    "This is the third day of fighting. Some of the rebels refuse to
    accept that they have to lay down their arms," he said.

    When asked about the cease-fire agreement, he said: "These agreements
    are international pieces of paper. We have our responsibilities here
    on the ground."

    Truce signing
    Rebels in Darfur have accused the government of violating the cease-
    fire previously and blamed some fighting on pro-government Arab
    militia, called Janjaweed. They say the militia, who the government
    calls outlaws, have been armed by Khartoum.

    Khartoum and two rebel factions signed a truce on April 8 to allow
    urgent aid to reach about one million people affected by the conflict.
    Aid workers say they face a race against time to deliver supplies
    before rains start later in May.

    Another Sudanese security source in Darfur confirmed clashes with the
    rebels were persisting in the area around Abu Gamra. He said they
    involved regular Sudanese forces and an irregular force of local
    fighters commanded by the army.

    A spokesman for the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), one of the two rebel
    forces in the area, had no immediate comment.

    U.N. officials have said the situation in Darfur is one of the world's
    worst humanitarian crises, with more than 110,000 refugees encamped in
    neighboring Chad.

    Rebels took up arms against the government in February 2003, demanding
    a fairer share of power and Sudan's resources. The western conflict
    has raged as the government has moved closer to ending a more than two-
    decade-old civil war in the south.

    Sudan Organisation Against Torture

    SOAT Press Release: 4 May 2004

    Eight arrested and tortured in Jeway Kheen

    On 19 March 2004 the armed forces and the military intelligence, under
    leadership of the First lieutenant, Daffa Ala Mahmoud Almasalli,
    arrested eight (8) persons from Jeway Kheen village in suspicion of
    participating in an attack on Bouram town on the 10 March 2004 by the
    SLA rebel forces. Their details are as follows:

    1. Alsadig Ahmed Harba, 32 yrs, Zaghawa, lives in Nyala Hey Althawra
    2. Mohamed Ahmed Abu Kantosh, 55 yrs, Barno tribe
    3. Haroun Basheer, 35 yrs, Zaghawa tribe, fish trader
    4. Abdu, Zaghawa tribe, cooking oil trader
    5. Mohamed Youseif, 43 yrs, Zaghawa tribe, sorghum trader

    6. Alfaki Abdella Kiraykirro, 45 yrs, Fur tribe, (Islamic cleric)
    7. Mohamed Adam Hurry, 45 yrs, Zaghawa tribe, headmaster of Legaid
    Diba Primary School
    8. Zakaria Madibo, Zaghawa tribe, 60 yrs, sorghum trader

    Following their arrest they were detained in a military camp in Bouram
    for nine (9) days then transferred them to Nyala where they were
    detained in a military prison. On 2 April 2004, one of the detainees,
    Alsadig Ahamed Harba, was released. The other seven (7) detainee's
    whereabouts are unknown.

    It has been reported that the eight (8) detainees have been subjected
    to torture during their custody in the military camp in Bouram.
    Military intelligence officers tied them to each other with robes and
    put them into a lorry for four (4) days without food or enough water;
    they were beaten with sticks and gun butts; punched and kicked; tied
    by the legs and arms upside down against a tree for many hours and Mr.
    Haroon had metal objects inserted into his rectum. It has been reprted
    to SOAT that they were not provided with any food for three days after
    thier arrival to the militry prison in Nyala


    Phil Heilberg wrote:

    I have just left Nairobi and spent the last week with various members of the SPLM. We came with excitement especially with the supposed peace process near but our optimism changed to disappointment then to anger then to disbelief and then it changed our view of the stability of the SPLM as a whole.

    There a number of critical dynamics going on here that we think has weakened the longevity of the SPLM.

    First off, there is clearly a power struggle going on. After meeting with John Garang, we realized that he no longer has the power he once had. He is isolated in Naivasha surrounded by advisers who are in over their heads. In addition, we have witnessed the chief commanders ignoring his orders. We have been told that there is a struggle between the educated Sudanese and the soldiers. In addition, the high commanders apparently like the status quo in that they receive duties and make money on the aid received but do not pass this along to the government. We witnessed ourselves the reduction of power of the educated Sudanese whose views were ignored and were accused of being corrupt and in cahoots with the foreigners to steal the natural resources of the land.

    Second, the country is being controlled by a faction of people that are naïve,stupid, arrogant, insulant, xenophobic, and suffering from delusions of grandeur. They are making extremely poor decisions. First off they have upset the US Government who now believe it is the SPLM that is the problem. From our vantage point. This is clearly the case. In addition, they don't understand the riskiness of the investment opportunities in the region. There was an investment group that wanted to give 90 million to the SPLM before the peace and then to put billions in infrastructure. After making these people wait for over a week in their hotel and constantly changing negotiating teams, they finally decided to talk on the day they were leaving. They made the terms so onerous that they just laughed and left. In fact, the attorney general of the movement insulted everyone of them. This is plain stupidity considering that there are no other companies coming.

    Finally, there is in fighting within the movement. Various factions within the movement are selling out others within. As such, the fighting will begin within the movement.

    With business deals, the South is already reneging on contracts that it signed just a year ago with the approval of the Chairman.

    The South has beaten itself now and refuses to join the international community.

    We would urge extreme caution in dealing with the South even if there is a peace agreement (which we think now may not last especially with the announcement that Total will begin exploration in the South).

    My thoughts are to deal with Khartoum when sanctions are lifted as the South is decades away from a proper infrastructure in dealing with the international community.

    The SPLM has failed its people.


    NOVEMBER 2003






    APRIL 22

    Despite the manifest shortcomings of its April 21, 2003 report on
    Sudan, the State Department has continued to leave many important
    questions about US Sudan policy unanswered.

    APRIL 4

    Report of the public meeting on the future reconstruction of the Sudan

    held on Friday April 4, 2003, at the ISS.


    Western Upper Nile, Southern Sudan March 2003

    This is a report from Persecution Project Foundation,
    http://www.persecutionproject.org , of a trip taken in March 2003 to
    Western Upper Nile, Southern Sudan



    Liang, South Sudan, February 6, 2003 --

    More related site about Bangladesh